How to Write a Conclusion
While figuring out how to conclude an essay, writers should consider the following guide questions to stimulate thought about how to conclude and to help determine which model best suits a particular situation:
- How long and complex is the report? Is it long enough or complex enough that readers might benefit from a summary of your main points? (The average freshman college essay is rarely long or complex enough to justify this type of conclusion.)
- What’s the most important point (or points) for readers to remember about the essay? How long ago in the essay did the writer state that point? Would it be useful to restate that point as succinctly and powerfully as possible at the end of the writing?
- Can the writer identify an actual instance, illustration, or example of the main point that would give it added weight?
- What larger principle stands behind the main point? Or, what must the audience accept as true in order to accept the main point? How would the writer defend that assumption if someone were to call it into question?
- Why is the main point significant? Why are the ideas in the paper important and worth the audience’s consideration? What larger issues does the topic relate to or touch on? Can the writer show how the topic relates to a larger and more significant topic? What might that topic be?
- If the audience accepts the thesis, what is the next issue or question to be examined? What further research is needed? Conversely, does the writer have any major reservations, or unexpressed doubts? What does the writer not know about the topic that reduces his or her certainty in the thesis?
- How much antagonism or skepticism toward the thesis position does the writer anticipate? If it’s a great deal, would it be feasible to delay the thesis, solution, or proposal until the very end of the paper?
1. The Simple Summary Conclusion
The most common, though often not the most effective, kind of conclusion is a simple summary, in which the writer recaps what has just been said. This approach is useful in a long or complex essay or in an instructional text that focuses on concepts to be learned. In a short, easy-to-follow essay, however, a summary conclusion can be dull and may even annoy readers who are expecting something more significant..
2. The Larger Significance Conclusion
A particularly effective concluding strategy is to draw the reader’s attention to the larger significance of the essay. In the first place, each research question needs to be worth pursuing. Although readers need to be convinced from the outset that the problem investigated in your paper is significant, the conclusion is a good place to elaborate on that significance by showing how the research paper now leads to additional benefits for the reader. For example, the writer might explain how the proposed solution to a question leads to potential understanding of a larger, more significant question or brings practical benefits to individuals or society. If the writer posed a question about values or about the interpretation of a confusing text or phenomenon, he or she might show how the argument could be applied to related questions or to related text or phenomena. The writer’s goal in writing this kind of conclusion is to show how the answer to the question posed in the paper has large applications or significance.
Sample of a Larger Significance Conclusion:
The most important resources in a classroom are the students, not the textbooks, not the well-written hand out, or not even the most talented teacher. Textbooks and hand outs are merely learning tools. A teacher is like a coach; his or her job is to develop the aptitude and skills of students so they can teach themselves the knowledge that they need to succeed. Coaches who can motivate their team to work hard produce winning players. Likewise, teachers who can motivate students to learn the subject material will generate the best students. One way to motivate students is through lessons that bring excitement into learning: in other words, activities that create channels for students to practice critical thinking, avenues for students to engage in personal expression, and practices that build student self confidence.
3. The Proposal Conclusion
Another option, often used in analyses and arguments is the proposal conclusion, which calls for action. A proposal conclusion states the action that the writer believes needs to be taken and briefly demonstrates the advantages of this action over alternative actions or describes its beneficial consequences. For example, if the paper analyses the productivity of solar panels for generating energy for domestic use, the conclusion might explain why solar-generated energy is more beneficial to the environment than energy derived from the grid. A slight variation is the call-for-further-study conclusion, which indicates what else needs to be known or resolved before a proposal can be offered. Such conclusions are especially common in scientific writing.
Sample of a Proposal Conclusion:
As mentioned, even one personal computer can cost a human life or damage the environmentwhen it is not carefully recycled. Manufacturers need to take on the responsibility of helping consumers to dispose of their products at the end of their products’ life cycles. This could be achieved by setting up special sites for various types of equipment that are managed by companies specifically trained to strip products of their toxic materials and safely dispose of them. In addition, consumers should learn about the dangers of technology waste and act to prevent the damage resulting from it. Citizens should lobby for improved recycling laws so that technological waste does not end up in third world countries that are not equipped to properly dispose of its toxic materials. Through technology, humanity has connected all parts of the globe. The waste that results from improperly recycled technology bonds all humans and their environments as well. When careless recycling kills even one human being in a remote part of the world, all humans share in that person’s lack of freedom to live a healthy life. When slipshod waste procedures pollute the shores and air of one environ, the ocean and the weather circulate that toxicity all over the planet through tides, hurricanes, tornadoes, rains, and squalls. Technology has transformed humanity’s productivity and lifestyle, yet persistent, unmanaged technological waste will one day deteriorate human lives and the environment so much so that the gifts of technology will pale against its capability to destroy.
4. The Scenic or Anecdotal Conclusion
Popular writers often use a scenic or anecdotal conclusion, in which a scene or brief story illustrates the theme’s significance without stating it explicitly. A paper opposing the legalization of marijuana might describe the truant activities of a minor who engages in marijuana use. Such scenes can help the reader experience directly the emotional significance of the topic analyzed in the body of the paper.
5. The Hook and Return Conclusion
Finally, the hook and return conclusion brings the reader back full circle to something introduced in the opening hook of the essay. If the lead is a vivid illustration of a problem—perhaps a scene or an anecdote—then the conclusion might return to the same scene of this anecdote, but with some variation, to exemplify the significance of the essay. This sense of return can give an essay a strong sense of unity.
Simple Directions On Composing A Conclusion For A Dissertation Proposal
The main goal of your dissertation proposal is to let the board know what you will be writing your paper on. It is a research idea that needs to be original and add to the overall knowledge on the subject. It needs to convince the board that your paper has enough information on it to conduct a study on. It also has to be unique and something that builds on the knowledge in the field. You won’t be able to move on to actually writing your paper until this part is completed.
The conclusion is designed to wrap the paper up. In this case it needs to stress the overall importance of your study. It should identify three main things:
- The kind of research that you chose for the project;
- The overall importance of conducting the research;
- The purpose of the research or what you want to accomplish through conducting it.
How to include these points
In your conclusion, you will want to make sure that you restate your problem. This will help show the board why your study is important. In the literature review section, you have found the “holes” in the research on the topic. This is the areas where the study is lacking in information. This will help you show the board how your paper will add to the overall knowledge in the field.
The dissertation is usually utilized as a requirement for your degree program and something that shows that you have learned the necessary concepts to contribute as a professional in the field. Therefore, your dissertation has to prove that you have really mastered your overall concepts relating to your field of study.
Content of the conclusion
The entire purpose of the conclusion is to summarize the important points in your paper. You don’t want to present information that you already talked about. The focus needs to be on why your study is unique and whether there are things that may stand in your way. Acknowledging that you have thought about the things that may stand in the way is a good way to prove that you have thought about it and that will go a long way in this process.
I’ve found this site. They have a lot of information that is perfect for concluding the dissertation proposal. You will be able to master this important part of your dissertation proposal this way.