Student Essays Hatshepsut

Hatshepsut Essay

Queen Hatshepsut was the fifth ruler of the 18th dynasty and was able to rise from princess to queen to pharaoh. She was supposedly born a beautiful child to the pharaoh Tuthmosis I and his queen Ahmose. Her family came from an ancestral line of strong and effective leaders who were devoted to Egypt. Her reign was the longest of all the female pharaohs.

After the death of her father, her half brother Tuthmosis II became king. When he became pharaoh, Tuthmosis had no choice but to marry a woman of the royal blood. Marriages between close relatives were usually within ancient Egypt's royal family, so Hatshepsut was destined to become her half brother's wife, who had a son, Tuthmosis III, by a minor wife.

After Tuthmosis II died in 1479 B.C., his son Tuthmosis III would become pharaoh. However Tuthmosis was too young to marry or rule, so for a short time Hatshepsut ruled with her nephew as a regent. At first, Hatshepsut stayed in the background so that Tuthmosis III would be seen as the true pharaoh. But little by little, she took on more of the work and more of the power. She chose officials and advisers, and she made decisions about running the kingdom. She also sent out the army when needed. Not long after was Hatshepsut basically ruling for herself and left Tuthmosis with very little power. As Hatshepsut gained power, she became more interested in ruling Egypt. She decided that she would become the next pharaoh and not Tuthmosis III.

Most of Hatshepsut's rule was peaceful, so she had plenty of time to work on projects in Egypt. She repaired many temples and other buildings that had been damaged in wars....

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Hatshepsut accomplished what no other woman had ever done before her. Hatshepsut was the first female pharaoh of the ancient Egyptian dynasty. She successfully ruled one of the most powerful and advanced civilizations in the world for over twenty years. She was the fifth pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty and ruled from 1479 BC to1458 BC. Her name Hatshepsut means 'Foremost of Noble Ladies' because she reigned longer than any other female ruler of the Egyptian dynasty. Even though she was one of the most successful pharaohs ever, Hatshepsut is not really remembered for her achievements, but more for the fact that she did not follow the "traditional rules" of a male pharaoh ruling over Egypt. Despite this common overlook of her accomplishments, Hatshepsut was one of the most prolific builders in ancient Egypt as she was responsible for hundreds of construction projects in both Upper and Lower Egypt.

Although there were some who resented her success, her influence on the Egyptian dynasty will remain forever.

Hatshepsut was born the daughter of Egyptian Pharaoh Thutmose I and Queen Ahmose. She had two brothers, who died prematurely, which left her as an only child of her two parents. However, her father also had two more sons with a commoner woman. Upon the death of her father in 1493 B.C., Hatshepsut married her half-brother, Thutmose II, and assumed the title of Great Royal Wife. Thutmose II then ruled Egypt for thirteen years until his death. Since the only male child of Thutmose II, Thutmose III, was still very young, Queen Hatshepsut was appointed co-regent of Egypt along with Thutmose III. She was expected to assume the responsibilities of an Egyptian ruler without actually having the title of Pharaoh.

Hatshepsut was not one to sit back and wait...


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